✍️✍️✍️ City Of The Amazons Book Summary
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In modernity, there is an emphasis placed on enjoyment and entertainment, rather than the worship of the divine. A threat of violence lurks as modernity can be at odds with Islam. There are different versions of this tension in Nigeria and Sudan. Africa now has competing ideals of traditional Africa, Christianity, Islam, and modernity.
M azrui presents European technology as arrogant and non compromising. Even if Africa has many resources, Africa also has extremes in poverty. Thus, Africans need to buy goods from other nations. The West does not share its technological knowledge with Africa to any great extent, leaving Africa with acquired Western tastes, but no skills to fulfill those tastes on their own. Slavery was a denial of development for Africa. It interrupted any technological development that Africa was undergoing. It also caused a mass emigration of Africans. Mazrui estimates that with every slave that reached the market in the Americas, another slave died in transit.
So many Africans were enslaved because they proved more resistant to disease than Indians and poor whites. Mature capitalism made wage labor more efficient that slave labor. Arabs also had an imperial presence in Eastern Africa, and used slavery. A new civilization, partly African and partly Arab, was emerging there. Local technologies had not yet outgrown the institution of slavery.
Nevertheless, since the two races were mixed, if a father was free, his children would be free as well. Though Arab slavery was evil, Mazrui posits that Western slavery was worse. Europeans used this as a pretext for European colonization. In the Berlin Congress of the late nineteenth century, fourteen European powers partitioned Africa among themselves. Though the African slave trade was condemned by the European community earlier in the nineteenth century, maltreatment of Africans continued.
Workers who did not produce enough were sometimes annihilated as an example for others. Mazrui sees the need for more technological self-reliance in Africa. Missionaries came and taught reading, writing, arithmetic, and religion. Africans learned to speak, dress, and think like Westerners. However, technological backwardness remains a problem. In Mombasa, the West opened an institution to rescue Muslims from technological backwardness.
Jomo Kenyatta, alleged founding father of Mau-Mau was imprisoned, but survived. He led Kenya to liberation while being forgiving to the white settlers. In Nigeria, the Yoruba, Hausa, and Ibo all share the same nation. Mazrui presents Nigeria as the example of the arbitrary partitioning of Africa by the imperial powers. The Northern Hausa have received traditional Muslim education. The Southern Ibo have received Western education. In Hausaland, the Ibo took the technical jobs and prospered. In , there was an Ibo-led military coup. In revenge, Hausa killed many Ibo. Thus, many Ibo people returned to Igboland. Ibo then seceded from Nigeria, creating their own nation, Biafra.
A civil war ensued, called the Biafra war. One reason for the war was the fact that petroleum was in Biafra. The British and the Arabs supported the federal side. Biafra survived longer than expected because the French, Chinese, and Israelis backed Biafra. Nevertheless, Biafran starvation claimed as many lives as the fighting. When Biafra surrendered, the victors did not gloat. In South Africa, there are , Muslims. There is also apartheid where a white minority rules a black majority.
The power of South Africa lies in its mineral wealth. The South African economy is integrated into the world economy. Mazrui wonders if economic sactions can force the white minority to accept black majority rule without a bloody war. In Algeria, white settlers saw Algeria as part of France. When it became clear that France was going to lose to Algeria, the white settlers destroyed the infrastructure and departed. M azrui looks at the history of governance in Africa. He starts with the failure of British democracy in Nigeria. The House of Parliament is silent. The political system that worked before colonization was based and rules and traditions that promoted social order and a sense of community.
The Asante kingdom in Ghana continues a year royal heritage where the Royal Queen Mother chooses the successor, and consensus among members of the kingdom allows the successor to rule. The colonial Europeans established government on an uncertain base. While Europeans had centuries to modify their governments, the Africans have had only 25 years of trial and error. There is always the danger of anarchy, or too little government, and tyranny, or too much government.
The standing army of soldiers becomes a powerful and potentially destructive force. Mazrui presents a pictorial representation of 70 coups in 25 years, most happening north of the equator. Millions are destitute as they seek political asylum or economic refuge. The refugee problem is growing. In Nigeria, a big election occurred in , where for the first time, instead of consensus rule, the Western-style winner-take-all method was used. Within a month, the military overthrew the government. The General who took over created a dictatorship. In Islamic societies, military coups happen less often because there is greater stability in these societies. There is the uniting factor of religion.
The British had separated the Muslims and non-Muslims to curb the influence of Islam, but united it territorially. A year truce started in , but ended in renewed fighting. In Congo, order and a sense of community is elusive. In contrast, Kenya had Kenyata as President for 15 years. He became a symbol of stability as he headed a one-party state. Though he was assassinated in , the Vice President that succeeded him continued his legacy of self-reliance and private enterprise. In Tanzania, the Swahili language is the official language of government, allowing millions to be eligible for government positions. A sense of community has developed around the use of a common language. In this one-party state, Tanzania has cultural autonomy. In , the President stepped down to allow the Vice President to take over.
This program starts with an erie scene of a modern ghost town in the Ivory Coast with a hospital built for President Houphet Boigny. In equatorial Zaire, with the big range of animals and plants present, there was no need to develop kingdoms or states. The social organization was informed and relaxed. There was no need for long-term planning. However, in the West, because there were winters and short growing seasons, there was a need to plan in order to survive.
Because of lack of planning, Kenyans have allowed herds to multiply beyond capacity. These Kenyans had to depend on Western charities to buy their emaciated animals and distribute their meat as food. In Mozambique, they grow sugar for export even as people in Mozambique grow hungry. In Kenya, coffee and tea are grown so that Europe can consume them. In Ghana, cocoa is grown on land where staple foods may have grown.
As these three nations depend on the sale of their cash crops, their nations show signs of decay. In Uganda and Ghana, the roads are bad. The state of communication in Africa is badly in need of repair. In Ghana, the walls of schools are crumbling and there are no papers and pens. Without education, there comes a slow death of civilization. In Tanzania, there has arisen a divide. One group of people rely on traditional methods as they herd cattle. Another group has embraced Canadian technology for wheat production. This wheat is then used to make bread, which benefits the urban elites. The urban elite has new food habits which for Mazrui further signify a dependence on the outside world. The Tanzanian national leader encourages self-reliance and the importance of keeping the soil good.
With members of the community working together, he hopes to have community schools and clean water. Collective farming did not work. However, as incentives were introduced for individual effort, migration of potential farmers to cities was stemmed. In Nigeria, farming brings an inadequate living. In other African nations as well, Africans are moving to cities to find better jobs. In cities, Western values are apparent. Africans can dream of becoming like the whites who luxuriate in cars, wine, and music.
Nevertheless, in Islamic Sudan, Western values are viewed suspiciously. Beer cans were steam-rollered while beer making factories were destroyed. When they colonized Mozambique, the Portuguese did not develop a viable economic system. Thus Mozambique has developed a socialist system. In Nigeria, with the oil boon, the government went on a spending spree which the farmers joined.
With a weak capitalist economy, moral disease became rampant. When the colonial regime was in place, Nigerians thought that stealing from the government was alright. Even with Nigerians in power, African attitudes towards government property have not changed. In the Ivory Coast, much of the rain forests are being destroyed so that timber can be exported to Europe. This a prime example of the export of raw materials for the import of finished goods. Mazrui gives two nations that are finally becoming independent of the European nations and providing for their own needs. Algeria was under European colonial rule long enough for the industrial revolution to occur there.
Algerians can make steel from iron. Thus with a socialist government, the Algerians have the technology to become equals of Western nations. In Zimbabwe, without industrialization, communal famers have been able to increase their yield ten-fold. They have used more efficent and simpler technologies to become self-sufficient and have even become exporters of grain. In this program, Mazrui shows the various cultures that are present in Africa. He mentions the layers of culture in Egypt as a good example of African diversity. While some see Islamic nations are not Westernized, Mazrui shows highly Westernized, highly Islamic nations. In Kenya, Mazrui sees a triple heritage of law. Kenyan law is a synthesis of Western, Muslim, and African traditions.
However, the English system of law has become the most influential. Ironically, the Organization for African Unity is divided by language. For a common language, they must use a foreign language, such as English or French. He thinks of African-Americans as Africans as well. He states that these African-Americans have lost consciousness of being African and led to be ashamed of being African. In order for these African-Americans to re-discover who they are, they must voyage back to Africa, namely the slave ports of West Africa. African-Americans talk of the sense of deep sadness they feel as they see how slaves were treated before they left for America.
These African-Americans cannot know what village their ancestors came from. Explore Wikis Community Central. Register Don't have an account? Kamen Rider Series. View source. History Talk 2. Do you like this video? Play Sound. This article is about a set of all the shows and films in the Kamen Rider Series. Main Page. Showa Series. Heisei Series. Heisei Series Phase 2. Reiwa Series. Logo Logo present. Archived from the original on Retrieved Categories Kamen Rider Series Content.
Universal Conquest Wiki. Aired from to and ran for 98 episodes, making it the longest series to date. This series set up many themes that are still used today. This series followed the battles of the first two Kamen Riders against Shocker and later Gel Shocker. Aired from to and ran for 52 episodes. This series followed Shiro Kazami on his quest to gain revenge against Destron, the group that murdered his family. Later on, Riderman, the fourth Kamen Rider is introduced as the first long term anti-hero Kamen Rider. The original two Kamen Riders also make various appearances over the course of the series to help Shiro. Aired in and ran for 35 episodes. However, before he dies, Keitaro transforms his son into Kamen Rider X.
Many of the monsters Kamen Rider X faced were based on Greek mythology and later on various animals and historic figures. Aired from to and ran with just 24 episodes - making it the shortest Kamen Rider series to date. Daisuke Yamamoto, an orphan lost in the Amazon has grown up with an Amazon tribe and lead a peaceful life until his tribe was attacked by Golgos. Before dying, his tribe elder turned Daisuke into Kamen Rider Amazon. This was the first Kamen Rider not to use a belt to transform. This was also the first series not to have any previous Kamen Riders appear, although Amazon meets his seniors in the next series. Kamen Rider Stronger. Aired in and ran for 39 episodes.
This was intended to be the final Kamen Rider series. Shigeru Jou joins Black Satan after the murder of his best friend and mentor. Knowing the organization to be the culprits, he allows himself to undergo an operation that changes him into Kamen Rider Stronger. Later on, Black Satan is defeated and a new group known as Delzer becomes the series enemy. Stronger is joined by Electronic Wave Humanoid Tackle, a female warrior who later sacrifices herself to save Stronger from a powerful opponent.
This was also the first series to have a temporary power up for the main character. Kamen Rider Skyrider. Aired from to and ran for 54 episodes. This was a revival of the franchise after four years off of broadcast. Intended to be a remake of the original series, the idea was slowly phased out as references to the past were made and senior Kamen Riders made guest appearances. Aired from to and ran for 48 episodes. Wanting to become an astronaut, Kazuya Oki undergoes an operation that allows him to survive in space. The area were he is operated in is attacked by the Dogma Empire and Kamen Rider Super-1's peers are all killed. Super-1 has special gloves that allow for different attack types. Birth of the 10th! Kamen Riders All Together!!
The special shows his meeting with three of his nine predecessors, after much of his story was told in the Kamen Rider Spirits manga and a radio show. Aired from to and ran for 51 episodes. After being kidnapped by the cult Gorgom on the night of their 19th birthday, stepbrothers Kotaro Minami and Nobuhiko Akizuki are submitted to a mutant surgery with the purpose of becoming the candidates to be the next Creation King. Kotaro escapes before the brainwashing, with help from his foster father, and turned against Gorgom.
He soon finds out the horrific truth from his stepfather: Gorgom originally killed his true parents. Kamen Rider Black is the first Rider to not wear a scarf which was synonymous with past Riders and Ishinomori's other works. Kamen Rider Black RX. Aired from to and ran for 47 episodes. Refusing to join them, he is thrown out into space where he undergoes a change becoming Kamen Rider Black RX. Shin Kamen Rider: Prologue. Released in and celebrated the 20th anniversary of Kamen Rider. Kamen Rider Shin was more similar to the original designs for Kamen Rider. Aired from to and ran for 49 episodes. Yuusuke Godai finds an ancient artifact that allows him to transform into Kamen Rider Kuuga to battle the Gurongi forces, while deciphering the relationship between Kuuga and the Gurongi.
This was the first series to feature more than one Kamen Rider as the main character at the same time. Shoichi Tsugami has lost his memories, he lives with a foster family and fights against the Unknown as Kamen Rider Agito. Looking for the origin of his power and his lost memories, this series follows Kamen Rider Agito, G3, and Gills who deal with the Unknown and learn the true nature behind Agito. Aired from to and ran for 50 episodes. Shinji Kido, a reporter, finds his way into a parallel world that exists within reflective surfaces.
In this parallel world, Shinji forms a contract with a creature known as a Mirror Monster, allowing him to transform into Kamen Rider Ryuki and join a tournament with twelve other Kamen Riders who are fighting to be granted a single wish. A strange new form of humanity known as the Orphnoch, who are people who have mysteriously been brought back to life, begin to appear and in Kyushu. Young man Takumi Inui crosses paths with Mari Sonoda who is being chased by an Orphnoch enforcer of the Smart Brain Organization, and he uses the device she stole from them to transform into Kamen Rider Faiz.
Inui is unwittingly drafted into the fight against Smart Brain, who are trying to eliminate mankind in favor of the Orphnoch race, along with a group of rogue Orphnoch and two other Kamen Riders who see Faiz as their enemy. Kazuma Kenzaki is hired by the mysterious BOARD organization to combat the Undead, a series of 52 creatures who ten thousand years ago fought between each other in what was known as the Battle Royale to determine the dominant species on the Earth. They were all sealed away by an Undead known as the Joker until archaeologists in the present day undo the seal. As Kamen Rider Blade, Kazuma must end the new Battle Royale by sealing away the Undead once more, cementing humanity as the dominant species, and is joined by three other Kamen Riders in the fight.
Throughout Japanese history, there have been people who undergo intense training to use the purity of sound to transform into beings known as Oni to battle monstrous creatures known as the Makamou. Asumu Adachi, a student ready to transfer into high school, is unsure as to how he should proceed in his life when he meets a man only known as Hibiki, one of the Oni. Hibiki takes Asumu under his wing and trains him in the way of the Oni in the fight against the Makamou, joining fellow Oni Ibuki, Todoroki, and Zanki and their apprentices.
Soji Tendo has been training his entire life to be the recipient of a device known as the Kabuto Zecter that allows him to transform into Kamen Rider Kabuto. The ZECT organization initially developed the technology to combat the aliens known as the Worms who came to Earth on a meteor that struck in Shibuya in , but have been hiding in plain sight ever since. Ryotaro Nogami is a young man with incredibly bad luck who one day is possessed by a mysterious creature known as an Imagin and discovers the Rider Pass, a device that enables him to transform into Kamen Rider Den-O.
When the Rider Pass's owner Hana approaches him, they are attacked by another Imagin, one who comes from a possible future to who grant wishes to weakwilled humans in order to go back further in time to change the past to favor the Imagin's own future. Hana has Ryotaro transform, and the Imagin who possessed him takes pity on him and offers to take over his body and fight in his place.
Ryotaro joins Hana, the Imagin Momotaros, and the crew of the DenLiner, which soon includes other Imagin who open contracts with Ryotaro, to protect the flow of time so the future of humanity remains as the one true future. Wataru Kurenai is a young man who transforms into Kamen Rider Kiva to fight the vampiric Fangire Race in the year , while dealing with the Wonderful Blue Sky Organization who sees Kiva as a threat. Otoya Kurenai is a violin virtuoso and Wataru's father who encounters the Fangire in the year and assists the Wonderful Blue Sky Organization in their fight with the Fangire.
The actions Otoya takes in the past in regards to the Fangire affect how Wataru must deal with the same Fangire in the present. Aired in after the finale of Kiva and was billed as the 10th anniversary of the Heisei Rider Series, lasting for only 31 episodes. Tsukasa Kadoya is a photographer with no memory of his past and whose photos never turn out quite right.
When dimensional portals open up, trapping his only friend Natsumi Hikari with the various monsters other Kamen Riders have faced, she finds the Decade Driver which Tsukasa instinctively uses to transform into Kamen Rider Decade, a being Natsumi has seen in her nightmares. While the world seems to collapse around him, everything freezes and he is approached by Wataru Kurenai who tells him that the multiverse is collapsing, and this world will be destroyed unless he travels to the worlds of the other Kamen Riders and fix them in order to prevent the destruction of every world.
However, the mysterious Narutaki disseminates rumors throughout the other realities that Tsukasa will be the destroyer of all worlds, causing the Kamen Riders to turn on him. Eventually, it's revealed that Decade's role as the destroyer and connector of worlds, as Tsukasa would destroy the Riders he would connect the other worlds preventing their collapse and does anything he is needed for as a hero or a villain to finish the Rider's story. Aired in late to following the finale of Decade. Shotaro Hidari is a private investigator in the ecologically-minded city of Futo who works with his partner Philip to investigate crimes that involve users of Gaia Memories which transform them into monstrous beings known as Dopants.
Shotaro and Philip have their own set of Gaia Memories that they use in conjunction with the Doubledriver belt, with Philip's mind traveling into Shotaro's body to fight as Kamen Rider Double. With their landlord and daughter of their mentor Akiko Narumi, Shotaro and Philip protect Futo all while discovering more about the past that Philip cannot remember. Aired in late to following the finale of W. Eiji Hino is unwillingly drafted by a being known as Ankh to be his guard in the fight amongst the Greeed, monsters whose powers stem from mystical coins known as Core Medals.The five feed your family on a budget in this series included: . In Islamic societies, military coups happen less often because there is greater stability in these societies. City Of The Amazons Book Summary was the first series to feature more City Of The Amazons Book Summary one Kamen Rider as the main character at the same City Of The Amazons Book Summary. Re-released Mother of hermes Edgar Rice Burroughs Universe 1. Aug 09 PM. Tsukasa Kadoya is a City Of The Amazons Book Summary with no memory of his past and whose photos never turn out City Of The Amazons Book Summary right.