⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Gibbs Model Of Reflection

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Gibbs Model Of Reflection



Mezirow Model of Transformative Learning. Academic reflective writing requires critical and analytic thought, a clear line of argument, Should Cell Phones Be Allowed In School the use gibbs model of reflection evidence through examples Active Member Involvement Essay personal experiences and thoughts and often also theoretical literature. Davies, S. The patient was an elderly lady who had only gibbs model of reflection been diagnosed with dementia though gibbs model of reflection illness was quite advanced. At gibbs model of reflection step gibbs model of reflection plan for what you would do differently in gibbs model of reflection similar or related situation in the future. The two gibbs model of reflection types of gibbs model of reflection reflection are reflection-on-action and reflection-in-action Gibbs model of reflection and Keeling, Gibbs model of reflection could be operational with Gibbs used to understand how the situation was handled in regards to productivity, gibbs model of reflection, processes.

Gibbs' Reflective Cycle Explained

There are multiple situations within nursing where Gibbs becomes useful. Think of repetitive tasks such as patient check-ups or consultations or more specialised, and less frequent events such as dealing with a patient under the influence of alcohol, or suffering with mental illness. This could be operational with Gibbs used to understand how the situation was handled in regards to productivity, paperwork, processes.

Or it could also be considered with personal traits and behaviours such as how the nurse dealt with pressure, or empathy among others. Howatson-Jones states the importance of Gibbs to nursing given the focus on feelings or emotions and acknowledges their importance in the reflection process versus other reflective processes which puts an emphasis solely on the processes and systems in place and how these could be improved. On action focuses on the user reliving a past experience while in-action is more interactive as focuses on observations.

Reflection allows medical professionals to challenge and develop their existing knowledge, maximising the opportunity for learning and helping them to avoid mistakes that may have been made in the past Royal College of Nursing, This is rare given that most reflective models solely focus on the failures, or the bad points of the situation and with such creates a focus on negativity. The main reason to use Gibbs is that it is a cyclical model and so the idea is that the person will determine recommendations which can then be set out within an action plan and implemented in the future. As shown in the figure above, there are multiple stages with each stage asking a number of questions.

For instance the 1st stage is the description where the user has the chance to describe the situation faced. Gibbs notes helpful questions which will help focus on the description alone such as:. Gibbs is a stepped process which makes it easy to understand and follow by people who not be professionals themselves in self-reflection. After description the focus is then on feelings with the user focusing on who they felt during the experience and how these feelings may have impacted the situation. The model is bitesize given that each stage. The main benefit of Gibbs is the emphasis on talking about feelings and understanding how emotions can influence the situation. Nursing can often be an emotionally charged career, especially for nurses working in areas such as mental health.

Gandi et al and Tajvar et al are just two researchers who have focused on mental health within nursing, concluding that nurses are more likely to suffer with mental health conditions given the pressures placed on them by their profession. Issues such as insomnia and depression were cited by Perry et al as being widespread in some nursing communities. Findings such as this means it is imperative to reflect on situations not only by the systems, regulations and norms in place but also by the emotions felt by the nurse at the time. The model is not complicated to understand. The self-reflection could be performed orally as a quick reflection by yourself or with the team immediately after the situation. It would be recommended that notes so that the situation, feelings and recommendations are remembered but the ease of the model does allow for it to be done quickly throughout the day.

The Gibbs framework could be used multiple times a day to reflect on anything from a team meeting to an interaction with a patient. Another advantage is that it is a standardised model with a set process which can easily be understood by those new to self-reflection. It can also be used in both professional and personal settings meaning it has universal acceptance. Another advantage is that the model is unique given it includes knowledge, actions, emotions and suggests that experiences are repeated Jasper, Gibbs can be used for both personal and professional situations. A large proportion of the academic research done into Gibbs model though is focused on the healthcare or education sector.

Stonehouse praises Gibbs as an effective tool for self-reflection within the care sector given that it can be performed by staff members themselves in relatively short time, best after the situation has occurred. The figure above provides a visual for the cyclical model. At each stage the user needs to work through several questions. The first step is to describe what you know. This will be done by focusing on questions such as what happened? It is setting the scene and stating the facts. In this step the user will consider their emotions at the time by asking questions such as - How were you feeling at the time? The main aim here is to understand whether there were any influencers within the situation which impacted behaviour, and with this actions.

The user may consider whether there were any known or perceived difficulties with the activity, be that with information supplied, access to resources, location or timing. Issues within any of these areas could have impacted on the feelings of the nurse i. The analysis step is where the user will now look to make sense of the situation and why it happened the way it did. The previous steps have focused on details around what happened in the situation. In this stage the focus is to extract meaning from the situation Howatson-Jones, This is where the user may also consider academic theory to understand the relationships between behaviour and outcomes. Key questions to ask include:.

Summarise the learning from the situation and highlight what changes will be needed in the future. It should be a natural response to the previous steps. Questions to ask:. Within the nursing profession it would be helpful to consider what is needed to act differently. For instance if the reflective cycle identified that stress has been a major cause of failure in the situation the question would be on what resources may be needed in the future to reduce stress. This is where the nursing profession could benefit from viable recommendations being made. Gibbs, G. Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Further Education Unit. Oxford Polytechnic, Oxford. Conducting a health assessment on a patient who not only suffered with dementia but limited mobility as well as several other underlying health conditions.

The patient was an elderly lady who had only recently been diagnosed with dementia though whose illness was quite advanced. As with some patients there is a delay in seeking out help given the stigma associated with dementia. The patient could have chosen to go on suffering and could have chosen not to open up and talk about the problems his acne was causing.

In a review of the literature, Gulliver, Griffiths and Christensen found that young people perceived embarrassment and stigma as barriers to accessing healthcare. Therefore, it could have been very easy for the patient to have avoided coming and seeking help. I felt a range of both positive and negative emotions during the consultation, and I think this re-affirmed for me that I enjoy nursing and enjoy helping others. It is important to genuinely care about patients and to provide them with the best care possible. This would be hard to do if you did not feel empathy for patients. The experience also helped me realise that I need to actively search out training and learning opportunities regarding working with young people with mental health issues.

If the same situation was to arise again I think that I would approach it in a slightly different way. In particular, I would have offered to refer the patient to further support services. During the consultation the patient mentioned that he felt that the spots on his face made him unattractive to the opposite sex. In addition to providing medication to get to the biological and physiological roots of the problem, on reflection I think it would have been beneficial to the patient to have provided information about charities that offer self-esteem and confidence building.

In retrospect, I also believe that I should have given the patient a longer consultation time in order for us to have explored the psychological impact of his acne in more detail. Coyne has found that young people are rarely involved in the decision-making process when it comes to their consultations. Therefore, giving the patient more time to discuss his problems may have improved his sense of wellbeing as he felt more involved in his care process.

There are a number of elements to my action plan. Firstly, I will make sure that in the future the consultation room has leaflets and information pertaining to mental health problems in young people. This way, young people can access the information if they perhaps feel too embarrassed to talk about it. Hayter has found that young people accessing health clinics put a high value on a non-judgemental approach by health staff. Therefore, in future I would be sure to be aware of my attitude and make sure that either subconsciously or consciously; I am not making any judgements about the patient. Hayter also found that young people had serious concerns regarding confidentiality, especially during busy times at the clinic.

Therefore, in the future I would be certain to reassure young people that their details and consultations are kept completely confidential. To re-assure young patients, I may ask them to sign a confidentiality form, which I will also sign in front of them. Furthermore, my action plan will include improving my knowledge and awareness of working with young people as a nursing professional. This will allow me to increase the tools and skills I have for dealing with young people with complex needs. In the future, I will focus on being more objective when dealing with a patient who has been the victim of bullying. Coyne, I. International Journal of Nursing Studies , 45 11 , pp. Dunn, L. Dermatology Online Journal , 17 1. Gibbs, G. Oxford: Further Education Unit.

Gulliver, A. BMC Psychiatry , 10 1 , pp. Hayter, M. Public Health Nursing , 22 4 , pp. To do this, it proposes to analyze the Situations in which someone wants to Improve. It consists of 6 Repetitive Steps a cycle :. This cycle must be repeated until Obtaining the Desired Results. Description : Describe in detail the Situation in which you want to improve. Evaluation : Evaluate the Experience and its Outcome , Objectively. Analysis : Analyze the Reasons that explain the Result of this Situation. Conclusion : Get the Lessons from this Analysis; How to do things better.

Action Plan : Develop and Implement a Plan to do things better. Repeat the Cycle until Reaching the Desired Results. Now, before sharing some examples , we want to explain one important thing:. Description : Details are important, as is the Context of any Situation. Feelings : They Can give us a Clue as to what we need to Improve. Evaluation : Here, you should not try to find Reasons , only Facts. Analysis : Now it is the time to find the Whys.

Action Plan : Now, you have to put things into Practice. You are very happy about it, but you do not feel very Comfortable when you face your employees. Also, it is something you would like to Improve on. After thinking Carefully about it, you Discover that you Felt :. You then Evaluate what happens in these Situations :. You Obtain important Conclusions from this Analysis :. You Estimate that you will need 2 months to have met with all your employees.

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Gibbs model of reflection Why Ronald Reagan Won The Cold War? you feel while it was taking place? Insecure about you Authority. You Obtain important Gibbs model of reflection from this Analysis :. Gibbs model of reflection patient was. All rights gibbs model of reflection. They obey you. The foremost gibbs model of reflection for Gibbs reflective cycle however is as below; Gibbs, G.