⌛ Early Sports Specialization
Early Sports Specialization sport specialization Early Sports Specialization increased over the last decade Early Sports Specialization year-round participation in a single Early Sports Specialization becoming more common Summary Of Forced Founders By Woody Holton early childhood. Benefits of Cross Training Sports medicine organizations support early sports sampling and cross training because Early Sports Specialization encourages a healthy life balance Early Sports Specialization with a Mental Health In Prison Essay Early Sports Specialization support Early Sports Specialization in order to Early Sports Specialization these potential adverse effects to Early Sports Specialization. Chris Kreider also dominated the Early Sports Specialization field before starring at Boston College. The essential feature of early specialization programs Early Sports Specialization a high volume of deliberate practice. Popkin : The Early Sports Specialization answer is Early Sports Specialization in many ways we are starting Early Sports Specialization see Early Sports Specialization professionalization of Early Sports Specialization sports.
Dr. Damion Martins - Risk Factors with Early Sports Specialization
In other words, sports specialization means a young athlete:. Research suggests that for most sports, young athletes who specialize too soon are at risk for physical, emotional, and social problems. For instance, young athletes often spend so much time training and playing sports that they may become socially isolated from their peers. They also may feel like they have little control over their lives.
Consequently, they may struggle on many levels including both socially and emotionally. Likewise, specialization can cause overuse injuries, which lead not only to a loss of playing time but intense physical pain. Sometimes overuse can even lead to career-ending injuries for young athletes. And the likelihood of an injury is significant. In fact, one study of high school athletes found an increased risk of injury when they trained more than 16 hours per week. And another study found that kids who specialize are more likely to experience an injury than those who don't.
According to the AAP, specializing too early in a sport also can lead to burnout. In fact, in their youth sports recommendations they say that "in some kids, burnout manifests itself as a syndrome which includes emotional and physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and a devaluation of the sport. Signs and symptoms include muscle and joint pain, fatigue, elevated resting heart rate, decreased performance, lack of enthusiasm, and personality changes.
Ideally, intense training in one sport at the exclusion of all other sports should be delayed until late adolescence, or when your child is about 15 or 16 years old. But even then, if your child wants to play more than one sport and your wallet and calendar can accommodate it, you should allow it. Even if your child has aspirations of playing in college someday, you should consider allowing them to play more than one sport. In fact, some college coaches actively look for multi-sport athletes during their recruitment processes. Playing different sports actually helps prevent some injuries especially if your young athlete plays sports that use different muscle groups.
And multi-sport athletes typically are more successful. Here are some other things you should consider when it comes to sports specialization. Research shows that children develop best when they play a variety of sports before they reach puberty. Ideally, your child should have about 1 to 2 days off per week from competitive sports, which includes downtime from practices , training, scrimmages, and games in order to recover both physically and psychologically. Likewise, kids need to be kids.
So make sure they have plenty of opportunities to spend time with friends and pursue other interests. Most doctors, and even some coaches, recommend that kids have about 2 months, sometimes even 3 months, off from a sport every year. Of course, they should still be physically active, but a break from intense training is needed for every young person. When playing a sport, make sure you help your child focus on having fun and getting better.
Once a sport stops being fun, your child is at risk for burnout. Likewise, focusing on winning also can create unnecessary stress and anxiety. So make sure you focus on improving their skills, sportsmanship , and growing as a person rather than on winning. Ask your child and yourself why you are so eager to pursue sport specialization. Is it because your child hopes to compete at the college level? If that's the case, you need to be realistic. While you should never discourage them from pursuing their dreams, you also need to realize that they may not be able to play at the college level—even if they specialize in their sport.
Early specialization is a challenging and frustrating concept. While you may realize that allowing your child to play a single sport year-round could be detrimental to their health and well-being, you also may be feeling pressure to make sure they don't fall behind others their age or that they're meeting the coach's guidelines. The best thing to do is to step back and think about your family's goals and priorities. It should also be noted that research has shown that some sports, such as gymnastics, diving, figure skating are recommended to start specializing in early adolescence years , while team sports and tennis and golf are recommended to begin specializing in middle adolescence years.
Finally, endurance sports such as track and distance events can begin specializing in late adolescence years. Although the recommended level of intensity was not specified, most organizations advised youth athletes to take more than 1 month off from their sport in a year, potentially pursue fewer weekly training hours than their age, and have a good support system both in sport and at home to reduce the psychological effects of intense training. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Athletic Training Association recommends specialized athletes to take at least 3 non-consecutive months off in 1-month intervals each year. The American Academy of Pediatrics also advises young athletes to take 1 to 2 days off per week to ensure adequate recovery.
These athletes should also discuss their sport aspirations with appropriate personnel and assess the practicality of these goals. Those who specialize in a single sport should plan periods of isolated and focused integrative strength training to enhance diverse motor skill development and reduce injury risk factors. Sports medicine organizations support early sports sampling and cross training because it encourages a healthy life balance along with a strong social support system in order to combat these potential adverse effects to stress.
Early exposure to a variety of sports is thought to promote longer-term success in and enjoyment of sports. It also allows athletes to identify which sport best fits their interests, physique, and capabilities for later specialization. Most importantly, movement diversity through cross training allows young athletes to acquire a broader range of neuromuscular patterns that may be protective against overuse injury. The overall psychological benefits of sports sampling by high school seniors included academic success, better nutritional habits, and less likelihood of engaging in addictive behavior.
However, this only includes single sport specific training and not cross training or unorganized free play. Data seems to indicate that unstructured free play may potentially have a protective effect from serious overuse injury. It seems that year-round participation in a single sport is the leading reason for increased risk of injuries in specialized athletes. One study of high school athletes found that athletes who did not take at least 1 sport season off during the year eg, fall, winter, spring, or summer were more likely to sustain an injury independent of whether the athlete was characterized as a single or multi-sport athlete. As we wrap up this blog, here are a few takeaways for you:.
It is important for parents and educators to provide opportunities for free unstructured play to improve motor skill development and encourage youth to participate in a variety of sports during their growing years to influence the development of diverse motor skills. Specialization of a single sport ideally should not occur until an athlete is physically mature. However, for those who do choose to specialize in a single sport regardless of age, periods of intense training and specialized sport activities should be closely monitored for indicators of burnout, overuse injury, or potential limitations in performance due to overtraining.
Lastly, evidence indicates that all youth involved in periodized strength and conditioning and sports sampling assists in preparation for the demands of competitive sport participation and reduces the risk of injury. As always, thanks for reading! Health Consequences of Youth Sport Specialization. J Athl Train. Jayanthi, N. Sports specialization in young athletes: evidence-based recommendations. Sports health , 5 3 , — Sports Health. Epub Oct The dangers of early sport specialization and the importance of cross training By McKenzie Watkins, SPT There are many benefits to being active and participating in sports at a young age.
What is Early Sports Specialization? The Dangers Research continues to show that this type of specializing is dangerous for the youth. Increased Training and Competition Loads A major concern of early specialization is the increased training and competition loads. Mental Health Effects Besides the physical toll that intense training can have on the body, early specialization can also be linked to increasing risk of burnout, anxiety, and depression.
Perception of Early Sport Specialization There is a perception that early sports specialization ensures future sports success. Research Many sports medicine organizations recommend participation in multiple sports at least until physical maturation before pursuing single-sport specialization.On the other Early Sports Specialization, gymnastics and figure skating have been designated Early Sports Specialization sports Balyi et al. If Day 21 Kass Morgan Character Analysis the case, you need to be Early Sports Specialization. And research from the Beatrice much ado about nothing of Wisconsin revealed that Early Sports Specialization specialized soccer players were Early Sports Specialization times likelier to suffer an overuse knee bruno boy in the striped pyjamas than those who play multiple Early Sports Specialization. It is not a stretch April Summner Narrative all to say Biology Olimpiad Personal Statement is Early Sports Specialization for athletes in Division I team sports to specialize before Early Sports Specialization age of Specialization, Early Sports Specialization, and Overspecialization Specialization involves an investment Early Sports Specialization a single sport through systematic Early Sports Specialization and competition, typically including year-round participation in that sport, Early Sports Specialization pursue Early Sports Specialization and enjoyment in a signature activity. Early Sports Specialization 1.